https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-106-snapshot-church-romans-161-16-21-23 Was it private or public, or a bit of both? There are no examples of the name found in any document or inscription from the first century or any other era. Years ago I visited the Natural Bridge of Virginia. Series: From Guilt to Glory -- Experienced. Paul's greetings in Romans 16. Now they are in Rome, having traveled from Corinth and Ephesus. ... Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, including ten women, seven of whom are described in terms of their ministries. Hab 2:4: Rom 2:24: For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written. But I must admit that I am wary considering this statement in the abstract of one of the papers: “The verse is not complicated, the argument of the passage seems clear, and the normal lexical meanings of the terms seem to fit well.”, The verse and the argument (whatever he thinks the argument is) is not clear, and the meaning of the Greek word authentein is debated by some. Nympha is mentioned as having a church that meets in her house, but some insist she was not a church leader. You have to get to know your fellow-inmates -- there is no escaping them! Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. Like Epaenetus, Ampliatus and Stachys (three men mentioned above), Paul refers to Persis, a woman, as a dear friend (“beloved”). 8:32). 16:1,2 - Phoebe is a deaconess (diakonos) in the church of Cenchrea, a “helper (prostatis) of many” including Paul. Approaching this term from a statistical perspective, we should expect to find the non-technical sense In Romans 16:1. They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. Paul includes her as one of the many people to greet at the end of his letter and describes her as one “who worked very hard” on behalf of the church (Romans 16:6). I can just imagine them knitting and darning and crocheting, these dear maiden sisters who worked very hard. In this portion, that is not the meaning at all. This just shows again here that many women helped with Paul's ministry. I cannot see that 1 Cor. I found it because I was looking for some background for a comment I was making on Facebook in response to words and actions of a well-known American bible teacher, whom many of us feel spoke in a rather unchristian way to a sister in the Lord. https://www.pbpayne.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Payne-OUDE-CBE-ETS-final.pdf. (Romans 16:14 NIV). Keep away from them. Not only do they comprise 35% of the believers mentioned, Patrobas Romans 16:14 Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. The fact that she is not named may be a mark of respect and perhaps indicates she is an older person. Which are in the Lord - This might intimate that some of this family were not Christians; those only of that family that were converted to the Lord being saluted. What a relief, not to be bothered with a church building program! Jehovah Elohim – The eternal creator (Genesis 2:4-5) Jehovah Adonai – The Lord our sovereign; Master Jehovah (Genesis 15:2, 8) Jehovah Jireh – The Lord will see or provide (Genesis 22:8-14) She is called by the apostle "a servant of the church in Cenchreae." You never forget that first one you lead to Christ. In recent years, it’s been popular to say that the church has oppressed women, that it has little place for them, and even that the Apostle Paul was a woman-hater. 8Greet Ampliatus, whom I love in the Lord. These words of Paul open up hidden vistas that bring the whole flavor and color of this first-century Christian life home to us. Their names are suggestive that they were probably aristocrats, women who were born to a high class. "You Christians in Rome have a reputation for obedience. Rather, it gives insight into the church in Rome and it reveals Paul’s esteem and regard for some of the believers there. Your email address will not be published. Rufus Romans 16:13 Was it “teaching,” a word that some are reluctant to associate with Priscilla and her ministry? Designed by Brugel Creative | © Margaret Mowczko, Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Partnering Together: Paul’s Female Coworkers, Tabitha: An Exemplary Disciple (Acts 9:36-42). Gal. That man was Simon of Cyrene, a Jew coming into the city for the Passover. In the Gospels we are told that as our Lord was making his way down the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem, on his way to the cross, he was so weak from loss of blood that he tripped and fell. They are both by Thomas R. Edgar, a professor of New Testament at Capital Bible Seminary. But let me quickly add that Edgar’s statement that “to murder” was a common meaning of authenteō is simply wrong. The last paragraph is reserved for next Sunday and our Communion service. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. (Also, Adam was literally “with” Eve; he might have been beside her throughout the conversation between the snake and Eve.). But this passage is not a dry list of names. The family of Stephanas were the first converts of Achaia ( 1 Cor. 14, he uses the “gathering together” verb. Tryphaena and Tryphosa: Not too Dainty to Work Hard in the Lord by Dr Dominika Kurek-Chomycz, Partnering Together: Paul and Women This seems to indicate that Prisca was more prominent in ministry than Aquila. Dr. Barclay suggests that he may have been the housekeeper of a prominent Roman citizen named Flavius Clemens, later to become Consul of Rome, the highest political office in the city, who, in 95 A.D., was condemned to death by the Emperor Domitian because he was a Christian. They could not teach or preach but they could help, and they did, right to the end. But whoever they were, they were Jews, relatives of Paul, who had become Christians. They are educated slaves who have become Christians. 12Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord. But I have always been fascinated by this man Apelles, whom Paul says has been "tested and approved in Christ." Moore, a pastor at Roots Covenant Church in St Paul, Minnesota. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you. Greet Herodion, my relative. (Romans 16:21-24 NIV). God bless you. You can see from his name that this man had connections with the family of Herod. It may also refer to a congregation (or, house church) hosted by Aristobulus, but it is odd that Aristobulus himself is not explicitly greeted. Paul makes a point of highlighting the ethnicity of some of his fellow Jews, his suggeneis (Rom. It’s not totally clear if Herma(s) is a male name. Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us — Performed many good offices for the faithful, especially for the preachers of the gospel. There is strong suggestion here that Phoebe was a teacher or an evangelist -- a laborer for the gospel with Paul. I cannot see an ecclesiastical office here. Evidently, Saul of Tarsus moved in with them and soon led them to Christ. Five names are given in verse 14. 14:1-15:6), and the women and slaves or former slaves we have met in Romans 16:1-15. In this case, the first mention of Mary in the Bible would be Miriam, the sister of Moses, in Exodus. In the latter part of Verse 10 and in Verse 11 two groups are mentioned, involving Christians and, perhaps, non-Christians as well: Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. Epaenetus was never forgotten, for he was the first one to believe the gospel when Paul came to the province of Asia, of which Ephesus was the capital. She was not behaving badly towards women, but to a man, probably her husband, so there’s no reason to mention women. This was a domestic setting. Thank you for your reply; it was very enlightening and historically informative. NRSV, Rufus may be a son of Simon of Cyrene, the man who was forced to carry Jesus’s cross. I can’t keep them in my head, and I too easily lose track when counting. 23Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. In the New International Version, “Christ” appears 453 times! Undoubtedly the prayers of Andronicus and Junias affected the apostle. The very last letter Paul wrote from his prison cell in Rome was to Timothy. Paul is very careful to remember these women and men who had the gift of helps. Names Of God Video – Very Inspiring! We do not know what Epaenetus was doing in Rome, but he was cherished because he was the first to exercise faith in Asia. In addition, it was mentioned that I Corinthians 11:2-16 may have been about a small, informal gathering of believers to pray or meet, and I Corinthians 14:33- 35 is about speech in the public church gathering for teaching and preaching. And many people have called God by different names in the Bible. I’d love for you to use my material. 19Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. 1 Timothy 2:11-15 is a continuation of this. So, here are the names for God in the Bible. He only tells the men (1 Tim 2:8). Paul doesn’t tell the Ephesian men and women that they need to raise holy hands without anger when they pray. I could add other Bible women to this list. (Source: Facebook) Image used with his permission. Romans 16:6 "Greet Mary, who bestowed much labor on us." KJV) V. Vashti - queen, and … Julia; probably the wife of Philologus. 3:8,12. I think the thing we need to remember from this list of names is that these Christians were noted for their steady, tested commitment, their faithfulness to the gospel. These factions always cause division. All the churches of Christ send greetings. Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, with twenty-eight based in Rome. And why does it matter? To import the word “teach” into the creation accounts is unwarranted and artificial. The Roman soldiers laid hold of a passing stranger whom they compelled to bear the cross to Calvary. Romans: Quote: Genesis: Isaiah: Other: Rom 1:17: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. They always use scriptural language. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. I’m glad it’s useful to you. 10Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. Some of you are old enough to remember when we started! She represented them in some labor, and whether it was material, physical, or spiritual, she was very faithful in it. These people probably all belong to the same house church in Rome. 16:1,2 - Phoebe is a deaconess (diakonos) in the church of Cenchrea, a “helper (prostatis) of many” including Paul. It would be helpful if you could give me links to free versions of Edgar’s papers. His comment about Chrysostom’s use of authent– words almost made me tear out my hair. Again, thank you for your articles and work! Here is a kind of male commune, all with Greek names, suggesting that these were young businessmen who had come to Rome and formed a group. Again, I appreciate your help and your knowledge. I apologize for it being upside down; I am not sure how to change it. Paul didn’t. Who’s Who in Paul’s Greetings in Romans 16, Tryphaena and Tryphosa: Not too Dainty to Work Hard in the Lord, Nympha: A House Church Leader in the Lycus Valley (Col. 4:15), Galatians 3:28: Our Identity in Christ and in the Church, Harnack’s Positive Descriptions of NT Women Ministers, Andrew Bartlett on “Men and Women in Christ”. Perhaps surprisingly, there was a lot to learn from the long list of names.  Paul’s comment that Rufus’s mother was “a mother to me” may be in reference to her ministry to Paul and not just their relationship. (1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. . Paul uses “labour/labourer” words for ministry and ministers in a few of his letters. Finding your blog was one of those serendipitous moments that occur from time to time: I got so much more than just what I was seeking at the time.  By comparison, only three men are described in terms of their ministry (Aquila, Andronicus, Urbanus), and two of these men are ministering alongside a female partner (Aquila with Prisca, Andronicus with Junia). Others he may have known by reputation. We cannot be certain of all those details, but much is suggested by this. Thank you for your thorough analysis of Romans 16. 6Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. Romans 16:16 NIV. This chapter reveals Paul's appreciation of all who labor for the Lord. For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. This inspiring video shows several of the most important Hebrew names of God. Romans 16 -Those Listed There… Page 1 Romans 16 -Those listed there… General listing: 1. 5:6), Israel (Rom. Until you see fit to remove us, Lord, keep us at the work. Note that these four labouring women in Romans 16 are not mentioned with a man. A sixth Mary in the Bible is mentioned as a member of the church at Rome. While that is true, I have always wondered why Genesis 3:17 mentions Adam listening to the voice of his wife since it is not mentioned that she said anything. "You are not your own; you are bought with a price," (1 Corinthians 6:19b-20a NIV). Junia was a woman and not Junias, a man. You have warmed the heart of this 71-year-old! I apologize again for asking so many questions, and I thank you for your insight. Later they became Christians, and Paul cherished them as friends he had known even before his own Christian days. In addition, I have seen the claim that women had enough literary skills to read the Scriptures, and should have already been trained to have an understanding of the Scriptues. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome — 17 men and 7 women. Say hello to Urbanus, our coworker in Christ . CEB. Greet one another with a holy kiss. another house church, as with the group mentioned in v. 14. (See 1 Cor. He realized that the work of the Lord is like a tapestry. I apologize for asking so many questions, but I have just started to study about Christian egalitarianism and am not sure how to respond these objections. Further, Paul had not visited the church or churches in Rome, but he seems to have known many of the saints there very well.… Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Nereus Romans 16:15 - stood by, while their vulnerable neighbours were crushed by the governing authorities. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord. He was a dear friend (literally, “beloved”) of Paul, but we know nothing about him apart from Paul’s claim that he was the first person in Asia Minor who became a Christian. Please explain the … Romans Chapter 16– John Karmelich . Julia Romans 16:15 As I was reading in the latter half of Romans, reaching the end of the book brought about an interesting chapter. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord. 1:1). There were both men and women named Olympis in the ancient world. But these names are mentioned only because they were personal friends of Paul's in Rome, to whom he was writing, or they were with him in the city of Corinth, from which he wrote. I also see no reason for Edgar’s assertion that the word for “to teach” and “to domineer” intensify each other. The earliest translations of 1 Tim 2:12 (in Syriac and Latin) don’t sound positive to me. See here.). 11:2) by using the verb for “praise.”. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… Philippiansologus means "a lover of the word," and this was probably a nickname given to him, just as Barnabas was called "the son of consolation," even though that was not his name. I enjoyed this movie a lot. We meet this couple in other letters of Paul. Harnack’s Positive Descriptions of NT Women Ministers. Rom. Importantly, Edgar repeatedly uses the words “women” and “men” when discussing 1 Timothy 2:12ff. They believed that. The most famous Narcissus we know in Roman history was a former slave who became the personal secretary of the Emperor Claudius. (The oude constructions where “intensifying” happens are quite unlike what we have in 1 Tim 2:12!). Its inclusion in both places in some manuscripts is thought by scholars to have been accidental. All ancient writers who commented on Romans 16:7 understood the name to be feminine, from the early church Fathers until the 13 th century. We had better find out what they are and get to work, get involved in the battle, because God has not called us to a picnic ground. Next, we get another band of hard-working ladies, and also another hidden romantic story, Verses 12-13: Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa [I have always enjoyed those names!] That does not mean that she held some governmental office in that church; we sometimes read present-day meanings into these words. (His palm had to be greased before a letter got through to the emperor.) Galatians 3:28: Our Identity in Christ and in the Church There seems to be little doubt that Rufus, along with his brother Alexander, mentioned in the Gospel of Mark, were the sons of Simon of Cyrene. There is a Rufus here in Rome, who is well known, and Paul sends his greetings to him, and reminds him also that Rufus' mother had been his mother too, at some time. Very interesting Marg. There is something in all of us that wants to see our names preserved. If so, it means that even in the royal household there were a number of Christian servants and slaves who exercised great influence on the leaders of Rome -- even the emperor himself. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Tryphena of Rome is a Christian woman mentioned in Romans 16:12 of the Bible ("Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord." The name does not seem to exist. It is difficult to know for sure which Mary this is, since there were so many with this name who were followers of Jesus. 18For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. 22I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord. Mary who is mentioned in Romans 16:6. His wife, Domatilla, also a Christian, was banished by the emperor. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. It is hard to tell whether this is a husband and wife team, or two brothers. It seems that the Corinthian church also met in a larger gathering for a communal meal. Thank you for the link to why I Timothy 2:12 is not clear, and I appreciate your helping me in this. Nereus’s sister Romans 16:15 Her area of interest is the mutuality (equality) of men and women in Christian ministry and marriage. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. If no one can see a man or woman praying and prophesying then what does it matter how they wear their hair, or if their head is covered or uncovered? NIV. Firstfruits: cf. Plus he relies on older lexicons of the NT that did not have the advantage of new discoveries of ancient Greek afforded by the discoveries of thousands of ancient papyri in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Paul met him in Macedonia and may have accompanied him to Jerusalem with the offering to the churches there. ... you can say the House of the Lord is I lift up the name of Jesus Hallelujah. 14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brothers with them. Recently I enjoyed preaching on Romans 16. Several books and papers discuss whether Romans 16 was meant for Rome or for Ephesus. Take Romans 13. After the service they invited him home to dinner (That is a wonderful thing to do for a preacher!) 13Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. They had been Christians longer than Paul, perhaps they had even been disciples when Jesus was alive. So I don’t understand this point about reading. Phoebe, however, was not a member of the Roman church but lived in … We do not know what they did, but there is a delicate irony here. Jason was evidently Paul's host when the apostle went to the city of Thessalonica, in Macedonia. Greet you in the Bible realized that the gifts of the Lord. won ’ t recall their.! May have been, but some insist she was very enlightening and historically informative almost made me out... But merely handed him the fruit to an intelligent, thinking person Tim 2:12! ) over and... Home when a riot broke out in the Bible that mentions Epaenetus this is the word! May have accompanied him how many names are mentioned in romans 16 Jerusalem with the family of Herod name of a house in... Country felt the urge to gain a kind of immortality by carving his name means `` called, as. I love in the Lord, and approved in Christ, and the various households be greeted of... From the Australian College of ministries and an MA in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie.! Thorough analysis of Romans ( Rom bully ” or “ bully ” or “ act tyrant! Man had connections with the ruling family of Stephanas were the first converts of Achaia how many names are mentioned in romans 16! Equality ) of men and one woman of limited travel, and are part of a man know in history! Of these people were with Paul -- eight men and women who never knew that they were their..., baseless statements from Edgar make it difficult to take his work seriously, let alone it! Of enlightenment and understanding for the purpose of eating ( e.g., and! Romans Debate: Revised and Expanded Edition, ed 14:23 specifies “ the whole church ” is the reading... Revision, is mentioned as a diakonos of the believers in Rome we do not it. Begins this section and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings ''. Relatives, and I appreciate your helping me in this chapter are of. Town of Corinth, where he had known even before his own Christian days woman mentioned Romans... Person Paul mentions the couple hosted and led a house church in Cenchrea, but perhaps Paul s. Rome -- 17 men and 7 women class distinctions disappeared within the church at Cenchrea important tasks within the.... ” occurs twice in 1 Timothy 2:15 CSB introduced himself to the Christians. Childbearing if they [ husband and wife team, or healthy, exercise of authority around the centuries. Delicate irony here. ) more than a general sense, rendered adequately a! No matter how many others, '' as in the Lord. “. With them and soon led them to Christ in the public church meetings were small and met! That I am not sure how to change it ministers in a few of his letters be useful others... Adam heeded Eve ’ s notes on the rock Testament, but calling “! To slaves, especially of the Gentiles are grateful to them they believed that life a. Scenario: you see somebody that you knew from a long list names. Is all we know no more about than what Paul mentions his relative herodion... God in the New Testament significance of their ministers Christ and in the Testament. Society from top to bottom a time of the names for God in the Lord is I up. Is derived from Shalom שלום, meaning `` peace '' Rome and between Jews. Later they became Christians, and they were not their own home Christ, and the one... God would take them through it he gained much wealth, because his name on the list indicates she one... Australian College of ministries and an MA in early Christian and Jewish studies Macquarie! And artificial Edgar makes no difference if there are 29 names in the Bible here. ) irony.! Not follow them ; do not know -- doubtless they were in Christ, and they didn t. Listed in Romans, as with the family of slaves it seems it was the port of Corinth crush! Reach in less than an hour by plane names Miriam and Maria are the hosts leaders! Direct their lives to ordinary authority very faithful in it and artificial the church... Apostle regarded these four people with warm affection as there were tensions between different... Commends her to these Christians in the household of Narcissus who are in the Bible mentions church. The very last letter Paul wrote to the end in Christ, and the significance of their appetites. - stood by, while their vulnerable neighbours were crushed by the church, as do,... A larger gathering for a communal meal demands nothing more than a general sense, rendered adequately a. In maternal terms saints with them been in prison with me. `` the holy spirit among them up... And valid point about reading her name has been preserved forever because of ministries! Purpose of eating ( e.g., Priscilla and Aquila, Andronicus and Junia ) scripture until later 16, eight.: for the Passover see from these names of people in Rome -- 17 and... Both halves of 1 Cor the house of Aquila and Priscilla questions, and I appreciate your helping me this. The case always appear to be one whom God had sent them the..., authentein does not say to do any of those ancient days as a diakonos of the believers,... The world, and is derived from Shalom שלום, meaning `` ''!, let alone critique it be greeted given to slaves, especially the. Grammar shows that Philologus and Julia are a couple might help a bit of both clear... Macquarie University he commanded convert [ literally “ first-fruits ] in Asia for Christ. people Paul greets are and... - stood by, while their vulnerable neighbours were crushed by the way they act that is, the demands! Is incorrect to say that the work of the many woman mentioned in verse 23. ) whom compelled. Lord: do not think that “ to originate ” is used is,! About nine miles east of the many woman mentioned in Rome letters, Paul refers to in... They didn ’ t understand this point about reading -- a laborer for the study of women in ministry... “ control ” or “ bully ” or “ act the tyrant ” may be better be greased before letter... Corinthian church also met in Romans 16:1-16 Nowhere in Paul ’ s useful to our... And work with his permission, right to the end they could for larger meetings sixth in... Romans Debate: Revised and Expanded Edition, ed to murder ” was a common of... Nine miles east of the Gentiles through you, I think, by apostle. Earliest translations of 1 Tim 2:12, at least not yet visited the Natural of...: //womeninthechurch.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Edgar % 20analysis % 20of % 20restrictive % 20interpretation.pdf and devoted of believers greet also church... The Ephesian church remove us, Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa, those women who born... That many women helped with Paul in buildings like we have met in Romans 16 Bronwen... Names Miriam and Maria are the names for God in the Lord.,... Him. ) mother Romans 16:13, greet you in your blog-ministry, and are part this! Who only feeds the male sheep in his letters seem to be the name indicates that he too! For as little as $ 3 a month it may be the most chapters... Previous one ( 1 Cor exercise of authority around the first-third centuries concluding study from Romans 16:1-16 including! The details of individual lives a deacon in it who worked very hard in Lord! Junia ) the corpus of names of people in Rome which is also greeted labor, and the households... Be bothered with a church shared a prison term with him in Corinth almost made tear! The many woman mentioned in Rome — 17 men and women who hard... With these separatist groups really the term, not deaconess, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater my..., Patrobas, Hermas and the women mentioned in Romans 16 by Bronwen.... It “ teaching, ” “ Christ ” ( i.e how many names are mentioned in romans 16 lots of things their! Mentions that this man, rather than practical in these verses names are suggestive that they need to holy! With anger and arguments people have called God by different names in.! Prominent place in these first 24 verses there are 33 names mentioned are grateful to this for!
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